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Soil carbon sequestration

Soil carbon sequestration occurs when plants capture and store, or “sequester,” atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) in the soil, increasing the amount of carbon stocks in the soil. Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas (GHG) emitted by human activities, which is why soil carbon sequestration could contribute to climate mitigation goals. 

The sequestration and retention of carbon in soils can improve climate resilience, considering that plants can cope with a substantial amount of soil organic carbon (SOC). SOC is critical for soil health, fertility, ecosystem services, and food production. 

SOC is essential for soil health, fertility, ecosystem services, and food production. 

Agriculture significantly contributes to climate change as it represents one of the most important anthropogenic activities responsible for CO2 emissions. However, carbon can be removed from the atmosphere through soil restoration in agricultural areas. 

Sustainable soil management (SSM) practices can mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing emissions from agriculture and other sources and storing carbon in plant biomass and soils. 

Change starts here.

Thanks to the integrated use of data from Earth observation systems and field surveys (also through IoT – Internet of Things – sensors), it is possible to build advanced systems for monitoring and measuring the storage of organic carbon in the soil. Such information can be related to specific agronomic practices for the various crop cycles practiced by farmers, evaluating the overall performance of agricultural production. 

For each certified unit of organic carbon stored in the soil, the process of generating agricultural or soil carbon credits can be activated. This credit can be transferred to any other entity wishing to offset its emissions, thus creating shared social value distributed through the value chain. 

UpToEarth Italia has developed a series of services to monitor, certify, and promote carbon sequestration in agricultural soils through the use of high-resolution multispectral EO time series processed by software based on advanced machine learning techniques. Through its projects and activities, UpToEarth aims to restore soil structures through sustainable land management to lock more carbon in soils and biomass. 

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